Arab League-SummitOctober 30, 2000
Arab leaders convene in Cairo for Arab League Summit, calling for Arab-Israeli peace talks, but remain critical of Israel.
Mubarak and Arafat meetJanuary 30, 2001
President Mubarak and Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat to discuss U.S. peace proposals prior to Arab League meetings.
Electric Grids Link Egypt and SyriaMarch 30, 2001
King Abdullah inaugurates the connection of electrical grids between Egypt and Syria.
Oil Pipeline AgreementDecember 30, 2001
Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, and Jordan agree on a $1 billion oil pipeline project.
Kefaya Movement begins in EgyptSeptember 8, 2004
500 intellectuals and political activists form the Kefaya (“Enough” in Arabic) movement call for end to government corruption and the resignation of President Mubarak.
Al-Qaeda Bombings in the Sinai PeninsulaOctober 8, 2004
Al-Qaeda carries out three bombings in the Sinai Peninsula, targeting tourists and resulting in 34 deaths.
Resort BombingJuly 11, 2005
Islamist terrorists launch bomb attacks at a Red Sea resort.
Muslim Brotherhood Wins BigDecember 11, 2005
Muslim Brotherhood wins record 20% of seats by running as independents.
Dahab BombingsApril 30, 2006
Bomb attacks in another Red Sea resort kill more than 20 people.
Egypt Diversifies Energy SourcesNovember 30, 2006
IAEA reports Egypt is one of at six Arab countries developing domestic nuclear programs to diversify energy.
Crackdown on Muslim BrotherhoodApril 28, 2008
Military courts jail 25 leading Muslim Brotherhood members in crackdown on organization’s funding.
Hezbollah Members on TrialAugust 29, 2009
26 members of Hezbollah go on trial in Cairo for plotting attacks in Egypt and sending weapons to Hamas in Gaza.
Muslim Brotherhood Calls FoulNovember 30, 2010
Muslim Brotherhood fails to win a single seat in Egyptian parliamentary election, alleges vote rigging.
Arab Spring in EgyptJanuary 31, 2011
Arab Spring protesters clash against security forces, and Egyptian Army refuses to fight civilians. President Mubarak steps down and senior military council replaces his rule. Protesters are wary of military council motivations and intentions.
Military Allows Democratic ElectionsJanuary 31, 2012
Egyptian military council agrees to democratic elections, and Egyptians vote in new People’s Assembly.
Morsi Attempts to Limit JudiciaryNovember 30, 2012
Elected President Morsi reduces judiciary’s ability to challenge his decisions, but backtracks after protests escalate.
A New Egyptian ConstitutionDecember 31, 2012
Islamist-led parliament approves a new constitution, which emphasizes Islamism and restricts freedoms of speech and assembly.
Shockwaves of Morsi’s FallJuly 31, 2013
Fall of Morsi’s government in Egypt ends Palestinian hopes for lifting Egyptian blockade of border with Gaza, and interrupts Egyptian mediation in Fatah-Hamas reconciliation process.
Morsi is OverthrownJuly 31, 2013
Army ousts President Morsi as mass protests escalate demanding him to quit.
Egypt Declares Muslim Brotherhood Terrorist GroupDecember 31, 2013
Government declares Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist group after a bombing attack kills 12.
Egypt Bans Religious PartiesJanuary 31, 2014
New constitution bars parties based on religion.
Impacts of Morsi’s FallJuly 31, 2014
The Fall of Morsi’s government in Egypt ends Palestinian hopes for lifting Egyptian blockade of border with Gaza, and interrupts Egyptian mediation in Fatah-Hamas reconciliation process.
Egypt Bombs ISFebruary 28, 2015
Egyptian aircraft bomb IS in eastern Libya after the Islamic State kills 21 Coptic Christians.
Morsi Sentenced to DeathMay 31, 2015
Imprisoned ex-president Morsi sentenced to death over 2011 mass breakout of Muslim Brotherhood prisoners.
IS Attack in GizaJanuary 31, 2016
Islamic State carries out attack at Giza, killing nine, and is suspected of being behind another attack in Hurghada.
Bush and Mubarak Agree on PeaceMarch 1, 2016
U.S. President George Bush and President Mubarak agree on necessity of Middle East peace initiative, although no framework for achieving that goal is announced.
League of Arab States Oppose Iraq WarMarch 1, 2016
Leaders of the League of Arab States, led by Bahrain, convene in Sharm el-Sheikh to strongly oppose a potential Iraq war and call for Saddam Hussein to comply with UN WMD inspectors
Stagnating EconomyMarch 30, 2016
The Central Bank devalues the pound by nearly 13 percent in response to stagnating economic growth.
Sisi is ElectedMay 31, 2016
Former army chief Abdul Fattah al-Sisi wins presidential election.
Cairo church bombingDecember 11, 2016
25 people were killed and dozens injured after an explosion in the Coptic Christian cathedral complex in Cairo.
Military carries out airstrikes in LibyaMay 26, 2017
Egyptian fighter jets carried out strikes directed at camps in Libya which Cairo says have been training militants who killed dozens of Christians in an earlier attack.
Egypt joins campaigns to isolate QatarJune 6, 2017
Egypt has joined with Saudi Arabia a other Arab nations severing all ties with Qatar, escalating their accusations that the Qatari monarchy supported Sunni Islamist terrorism and Iranian designs on the region.
State of emergency called after Palm Sunday bombingsJuly 18, 2017
Two deadly bombings targeted Coptic Christian churches on Palm Sunday legt at least 49 dead and over 70 people injured. Following the attack, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi declares a three-month state of emergency in which the country would take extreme measures to combat terrorism.
Gunmen attack mosque in SinaiNovember 24, 2017
The death toll in a bomb and gun attack on a Sufi mosque in northern Sinai reached 305, with 27 children among the dead. At least 128 people were wounded in the massacre that was described as the deadliest terrorist attack in Egypt’s modern history. Although no one has claimed responsibility for the attack, it bore several hallmarks of ISIS attacks.
President Sisi wins re-electionMarch 23, 2018
Results from Egypt’s election showed President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi headed for a landslide victory with 92 percent of the votes.