The Week of June 4th

Esraa Albuti, an executive director at Ernst & Young, displays her brand new driving license at the General Department of Traffic in the capital, Riyadh, Monday, June 4, 2018. Saudi Arabia has issued the first driving licenses to 10 women just weeks before the kingdom lifts the world’s only ban on women driving, but the surprise move comes as a number of women who’d campaigned for the right to drive are under arrest. (Photos by Saudi Information Ministry via AP)

On Monday, the Saudi Arabian government released a statement confirming that ten women were issued driving licenses, a move that comes in advance of the end of the ban on women driving, which is scheduled to occur on June 24th. All ten women happen to also hold licenses from other countries but were required to take a brief driving test before receiving their Saudi licenses. The announcement seems to indicate that the dramatic social reforms are still on track in spite of the detention of four popular, female women’s rights activists. The arrests suggest that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who is orchestrating the changes, wishes to control the country’s narrative, as well as any independent voices who might compete with or contradict his ambitious Vision 2030 plan. 

Also, as of Monday, Israeli military officials had begun briefing U.S. military officials on the use of burning kites as a weapon by Palestinian protesters at the Gaza border. They have resulted in about 300 fires on adjacent Israeli land near the border, damaging agriculture, crops and forestry. Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman addressed members of his Yisraeli Beiteinu party in the Knesset: “We will act according to Israel’s interests…we will settle accounts with Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and the rest of the terrorists acting against us from the Gaza Strip.” At the onset of the mass protests in March, crops worth around five million shekkels ($1.4 million) were devastated by the flying kites, while 2,100 dunams [1,235 acres] in the Jewish National Fund forests alongside an additional 5,000 to 4,000 dunams in the Besor Forest Nature Reserve were destroyed by the fires.  

On Tuesday, Oman’s Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs announced that plastic bags would be banned from all supermarkets. As the first Gulf Cooperation Council country to do so, Oman is at the forefront of reducing plastic bag consumption, which is exceptionally high amongst the GCC states. According to minister Mohammed bin Salim Al Toobi, “After studying the market and the types of bags, the decision will see the light of day soon after the final approval from the specifications and standards committee at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.” The United Kingdom and Chile have also pledged to eliminate the use of plastic bags in all businesses.

Fitness trainer, coach and healthy lifestyle enthusiast Haya Sawan. (AN photos by Huda Bashatah)

Arab News profiled Saudi Arabian fitness trainer, coach, and healthy lifestyle enthusiast Haya Sawan, who talked about what the holy month of Ramadan is like in the western city of Jeddah. In the story, she explains that the city has “its own vibe,” with buzzing streets gradually quieting down as sunset approaches and families start to gather for iftar. After breaking the fast, nights are “full of life” with lots of things to do, including bazaars she visits to support friends participating as vendors or that contribute to charitable causes. She describes the ritual of big iftars as meaningful for gathering and socializing with family and friends, more than just about the food. Although it is generally difficult to exercise self control around food after fasting all day, Haya maintains a similar healthy lifestyle during Ramadan, cutting out carbs for the duration of the month and continuing to work out while she is fasting.

At a press conference in Sydney held by the International Air Transport Association on Tuesday, the chief executive of Qatar Airways, Akbar Al Baker, was asked how to improve the lack of women in Middle East aviation. He responded by arguing that this isn’t an issue for Qatar Airways because the airline could only be led by a man due to the challenging nature of the position. The airline later released a statement that stressed its belief in gender equality in the workplace and its continued role as a pioneer in the region, since Qatar Airways was the first in the Middle East to train and employ female engineers as well as have females represented in other positions including the role of senior vice president.  Although the airline appears to be making improvements, with growing numbers of women in senior management roles, Qatar Airways has been criticized in the past for Baker’s disparaging comments about flight attendants and for the poor working conditions of its predominantly female cabin crews.

Lionel Messi on a poster in the West Bank. Credit: AFP.

On Wednesday, the Argentinian football (soccer) team canceled a World Cup warm-up game against Israel. The game would have been Argentina’s final game before the start of their World Cup campaign in Russia and was set to be played at the Teddy Kolleck Stadium in West Jerusalem. Palestinians were angered by a decision by promoters to relocate the game to Jerusalem from Haifa, upon the urging of Culture Minister Miri Regev, reportedly after the Israeli government contributed funding to the effort. The cancellation came amid a series of protests in Gaza in which over 120 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli soldiers. In Ramallah, the news was welcomed by the Palestinian Football Association, which issued a statement thanking Argentina’s Lionel Messi and his teammates. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attempted to salvage the game by reaching out to Argentina’s President, but was not successful in reversing the decision. Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Faurie claimed, “health and common sense come first. We felt that it wasn’t right to go.” Israel’s defense minister said it was “too bad” Argentina’s footballers did not “withstand the pressure of the Israeli-hating inciters.”

After skipping hosting such a meal last year, President Donald Trump hosted his first White House iftar dinner for Islam’s holy month of Ramadan, marking a dramatic departure from the inflammatory rhetoric he used during his campaign. Trump offered a message of unity and recognizing members of the Muslim community at home and abroad to his guests including Cabinet members and ambassadors from many Muslim-majority nations including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates. However, several Muslim civil rights groups pushed back, organizing a “NOT Trump’s Iftar” protest at a park across from the White House. No Muslim American leaders or activists, or even ordinary American Muslims, appear to have attended the dinner; the groups say Trump’s heated rhetoric has contributed to an increase in bullying and discrimination against Muslim Americans. In years past, White House iftars have invited not only diplomats but dozens of American Muslims from civil society, including corporate executives, scholars, activists and athletes. Many American Muslims say they would not have attended the dinner even if they had been invited: “We do not need an iftar dinner,” said Imam Yahya Hendi, the Muslim chaplain at Georgetown University. “Rather, we need to get the respect we highly deserve. Do not feed us and stab us.”

President Donald Trump speaks at an iftar dinner, which breaks a daylong fast, celebrating Islam’s holy month of Ramadan, in the State Dining Room of the White House, June 6, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
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