Saudi Arabia and Yemen Sign Border AgreementJune 30, 2000
Saudi Arabia and Yemen sign an agreement to end years of border disputes.
GCC Defense EffortsDecember 30, 2000
Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE sign a regional defense pact
Saudi Arabia Condemns TerrorDecember 30, 2001
King Fahd proclaims that terrorism is forbidden according to Islamic Law. Saudi Arabia extends women’s rights by granting female citizens ID cards.
Saudi Arabia Struggles with UnemploymentJanuary 1, 2002
Unemployment rate remains around 15%-20%.
Qaddafi Points FingersMarch 30, 2003
President Gaddafi blames Saudi Arabia and Kuwait for U.S. intervention in the Middle East.
Legislative Reform in Saudi ArabiaNovember 1, 2003
King Fahd grants the national Consultative Council the ability to propose legislation without his permission.
Hajj StampedeFebruary 8, 2004
A stampede during the Hajj Pilgrimage in Mecca leaves 251 dead.
Al-Qaeda Attacks in Saudi ArabiaApril 8, 2004
Waves of terrorist attacks are launched by Saudi-based affiliates of Al Qaeda against Riyadh police, foreign journalists, and a U.S. consulate.
Abdel Aziz al-Muqrin KilledJune 8, 2004
Security forces kill leader of Al-Qaeda leader in Saudi Arabia, Abdel Aziz al-Muqrin, as well as make attempts to curb Al Qaeda recruitment.
Municipal Elections Held in Saudi ArabiaFebruary 11, 2005
First-time municipal elections are held, but women are barred from voting.
Abdullah Comes to PowerAugust 11, 2005
King Fahd passes away, succeeded by Crown Prince Abdullah, his half brother, who had been the de facto ruler for the previous ten years, after Fahd suffered an incapacitating stroke.
Saudi Arabia Joins WTONovember 11, 2005
Saudi Arabia joins the World Trade Organization, after 12 years of deliberations
January 30, 2006
363 Hajj pilgrims are killed in a stampede.
Rules for Succession EstablishedOctober 30, 2006
Monarchy sets sturdier guidelines to royal succession to prevent possible rivalries among next generation of princes.
Saudi Arabia Limits Religious PoliceJuly 26, 2007
Religious police are banned from detaining suspects due to compounding criticism for overzealous behavior after recent deaths in custody.
Government Official Changes in Saudi ArabiaFebruary 28, 2009
King Abdullah fires head of religious police, the highest senior judge, and the central bank head and replaces with newly selected officials. First woman minister appointed.
Al-Qaeda Arrests in Saudi ArabiaNovember 30, 2010
In an 8 month sting, 149 suspected al-Qaeda members are arrested. Also, the first metro system in Mecca opens.
Arab Spring in Saudi ArabiaFebruary 28, 2011
King Abdullah announces increased welfare spending to quell calls for reform from citizens.
Arab Spring in BahrainFebruary 28, 2011
Bahraini security forces are aided by Saudi Arabian soldiers to successfully suppress Arab Spring protesters. Shia Muslims blamed for the protests and many are detained; reports of torture surface.
Women Gain Limited Suffrage in Saudi ArabiaSeptember 30, 2011
Women granted the right to vote in municipal elections and are now eligible for the consultative Shura Council.
Women Appointed to Saudi ShuraFebruary 28, 2013
King Abdullah appoints 30 women into the Shura Council, the first time women hold any political office. Amnesty International accuses Saudi Arabia of failing to meet human rights standards and of increasing repression.
A New KingJanuary 31, 2015
King Abdullah passes away and his brother, Crown Prince Salman, ascends the throne.
Airstrikes on HouthisMarch 31, 2015
The UAE and four other GCC states coordinate Saudi-led air strikes on Houthi rebels in Yemen.
Iranians Burn Down Saudi EmbassyJanuary 31, 2016
The government breaks off diplomatic relations with Iran after its embassy in Tehran is set on fire to protest the execution of Shia cleric Nimr al-Nimr. Al-Nimr was a supporter of Shia protests in primarily Sunni Saudi Arabia.
Casualties of WarMarch 30, 2016
Fighter jets from the Saudi-led military coalition kill at least 41 civilians in Yemen; Houthi rebels agree to a prisoner exchange and report they are open to negotiation.
Austerity in Saudi ArabiaMarch 30, 2016
The Saudi Arabian government introduces austerity measures in response to falling oil prices and its military expenditures in Syria and Yemen.
Saudi Arabia Fights TerrorJuly 31, 2016
Saudi Arabia bans funding for known terrorist groups and conducts airstrikes against Islamic State in Syria.