A rare tropical cyclone has slammed into Yemen, triggering heavy flooding and causing damage in a country already devastated by months of conflict and lawlessness. Packing winds of more than 62 mph, Cyclone Chapala made landfall in the southeastern provinces of Hadramawt and Shabwa, Minister of Fisheries Fahd Kafain told the AFP news agency.
“The damage is enormous,” said the minister on Tuesday, part of a commission set up to deal with the cyclone that brewed in the Arabian Sea.
The World Health Organisation said that it had delivered trauma kits for 1,000 patients in Mukalla and was providing fuel for hospitals and ambulances. It said Hadramawt and Shabwa had a combined population of about 1.8 million people, including more than 100,000 internally displaced and 27,000 refugees.
The storm earlier wreaked havoc on the island of Socotra, located 217 miles off the Yemeni mainland. Socotra is a unique ecosystem known for its dragon blood trees, which produce a red sap which lends itself to the tree’s unusual name.
Three people were killed, more than 200 injured, and dozens of houses and hamlets severely damaged or washed away.
Images posted on social media such as the one seen below showed heavy floods hitting the streets of Mukalla, the provincial capital of Hadramawt, bringing further misery to Yemenis already beset by poverty and rampant unrest.
The Yemen Post newspaper described the city as being “under water,” saying on Twitter that Chapala “drowns city with 40 inches of water”. Cars were half-submerged in muddy water, while seafront roads were badly damaged by high waves.
“The rainfall from Chapala is far beyond anything ever witnessed in this arid area which is not used to cyclones,” the UN weather agency said on Monday.
The “very severe cyclonic storm” brought maximum sustained winds of 80 mph with gusts of up to 90 mph when it made landfall,” it said in a joint update on Tuesday with India’s meteorological agency.
“Due to rugged terrain, dry air intrusion, increase in vertical wind shear and decrease in divergence, the system weakened rapidly into a cyclonic storm and will further weaken into a depression during [the] next 12 hours,” according to the agency.
Mukalla has been mostly controlled by al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula since April.
The fighters have taken advantage of the chaos that has engulfed the country since Houthi Shia rebels overran the capital Sanaa in September 2014 to tighten their grip on the sprawling southeast.
Impoverished Yemen is already facing a deep humanitarian crisis, with a severe lack of food and medicine caused by the conflict. About 10 million children are in desperate need of humanitarian aid, the UN warned last month.